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The Anthony Forge Collection of Balinese Paintings

The Anthony Forge Collection of Balinese Paintings
Portrait of Anthony Forge in Kamasan, Bali, August 1973. From Forge's documentation on Balinese art research. 
© Australian Museum 
photographer: Anthony Forge
 
The Australian Museum holds one of the world’s most significant collections of Balinese paintings. This collection of 160 paintings is arguably the best documented, mainly because Professor Anthony Forge, who assembled the collection, comprehensively studied the painting tradition in Bali in the 1970s. Collecting paintings was not intended, but it grew organically during his fieldwork as a useful means of engaging with the artists-informants and as a vivid illustration of this evolving tradition. So the collection was simply a minor part of an extensive anthropological study, documenting and attempting to understand the tradition of Balinese ‘visual narratives’. As his intention was to document stylistic and iconographic change over time, Forge purchased a considerable variety of paintings. Some of the early 19th century paintings were obtained from community temples, while the newest, produced in the 1970s, were purchased or commissioned directly from artists. Balinese paintings reflect a unique practice of story-telling in a codified context of the Balinese brand of Hindu mythology. This permeates every aspect of life, spiritual, ideological, social and political, defining distinctive Balinese culture. Curiously, this codified system allows ample room for recombining narratives and symbols to comment on current social and political issues and even to challenge established norms. In this way Balinese culture is evolving and adapting to new situations, without relinquishing its distinct identity. Paintings are the visual reflection of these complex narratives and the meaning is derived from stories and the contexts in which they are told. Paintings don’t conform neatly to the western concept of art. They are primarily functional, to be used in private and public shrines, as well as more secular contexts. Moreover, in his seminal research, Anthony Forge shifted attention from upper casts to the commoners (Sudra). This radically expanded our understanding of paintings and Balinese culture.

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© Australian Museum

E074160 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074161 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074162 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074163 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074164 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074165 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074166 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074167 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074168 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074169 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074170 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074171 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074172 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074173 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074174 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074175 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074176 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074177 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074178 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074179 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074180 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074181 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074182 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074183 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074184 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074185 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074186 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074187 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074188 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074189 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074190 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074191 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074192 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074193 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074194 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074195 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074196 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074197 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074198 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074199 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074200 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074201 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074202 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074203 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074204 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074205 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074206 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074207 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074208 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074209 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074210 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074211 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074212 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074213 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074214 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074215 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074216 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074217 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074218 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074219 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074220 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074221 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074222 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074223 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074224 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074225 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074226 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074227 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074228 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074229 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074230 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074231 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

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E074232 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074233 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074234 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074237 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074238 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074239 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074240 - 25/10/1976, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074245 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074246 - 25/10/1976, painting, Bangli, , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074247 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074248 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074249 - 25/10/1976, painting, Bangli, , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074252-001 - 25/10/1976, painting, Batuan, Gianyar District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074253 - 25/10/1976, painting, Batuan, Gianyar District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074254 - 25/10/1976, painting, , Gianyar District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074257 - 25/10/1976, painting, Sukawati, Gianyar District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074260-001 - 25/10/1976, painting, Djasi, Karangasem District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074260-002 - 25/10/1976, painting, Djasi, Karangasem District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074261 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074262 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E074263 - 25/10/1976, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076373 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076374 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076375 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076376 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076377 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076378 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076379 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076380 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076381 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076382 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076383 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076384 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076385 - 23/10/1979, painting, , Bandung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076386 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076387 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076388 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076389 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076390 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076391 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076392 - 23/10/1979, painting, Wangoyo Gede, Tabanan District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076393 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076394 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076395 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076396 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076397 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kabo Kabo, Tabanan District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076398 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076399 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076400 - 23/10/1979, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076401 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076402 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076403 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076404 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076405 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076406 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076407 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076408 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076409 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076410 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076411 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076412 - 23/10/1979, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076413 - 21/8/1984, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast

© Australian Museum

E076414 - 21/8/1984, painting, Kamasan, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093473 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093474 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093475 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093476 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093477 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093478 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093479 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093480 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093481 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093482 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093483 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093484 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093485 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast
E093486 - 10/2/2006, painting, , , Bali, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast