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Egyptology at the Australian Museum

Egyptology at the Australian Museum
Smal ceramic vase, Oxyrhynchus, El Minya, Upper Egypt, Africa. 
© Australian Museum 
photographer: Stan Florek
 
In 1827, the same year the Australian Museum (then Colonial Museum) was established, two pioneers of Egyptology, Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832) and Ippolito Rosellini (1800-1843), planned in Paris their expedition to Egypt. The Italian Rosellini is now not widely known but Champollion had decoded, five years earlier, ancient hieroglyphs - a milestone in studies of ancient Egypt.

In the following year they explored the Valley of the Kings and the earlier discovered tomb (KV17) of Pharaoh Seti I of the Nineteenth Dynasty, also known as the tomb of Apis. We wish that their methods were more refined and thoughtful, but archaeology was then still in its infancy. Champollion and Rosellini sparked interest in Egyptian history which had simmered since Napoleon’s infamous campaign and looting in Egypt some three decades earlier.

It was not long after, in 1833, that the obelisk from Luxor - Cleopatra's needle - was transported to France and erected in the centre of the Place de la Concorde, a testimony to growing fascination with ancient Egypt. Sydney’s own Egyptian-style obelisk (not from Egypt) was erected in 1857, as a street decorum - a sewer vent (!) in Elizabeth Street on the edge of Hyde Park.

The enchantment with ancient Egypt is an interesting cultural phenomenon. Westerners considered it an apex of artistic and ‘cultural’ achievement as well as a precursor, via Greeks and Romans, of European and western civilisation. Such views were most clearly canvassed in the USA.

This fascination with ancient Egypt sparked a desire of Australian cultural institutions - museums, galleries, universities - and private collectors to acquire works of art and artefacts from the revered ancestor. From the1880s a number of museums in Australia subscribed to the Egypt Exploration Fund - the ‘White Australia’ sentiment did not prevent us from admiring black and coloured African kings and queens.

By 1930 about 70% of our Egyptian Collection was assembled, thanks to generous donors, especially Alfred and Ernest Wunderlich, Arthur David and George Abbott. The collection grew eventually to over 1000 objects. It is not systematic but an informative representation of ancient Egyptian artefacts such as ceramic or stone containers (35%), small figures (30%) and body decorations, especially from the Middle and New Kingdom era (c. 2050-1069 BC).

Explanation:

The Egypt Exploration Fund was established in 1882, with the intention to explore and excavate ancient sites in Egypt and Sudan. In 1919 the name was changed to The Egypt Exploration Society. It has explored many iconic archaeological sites, including Deir el Bahari, Amarna and Saqqara. The Society is highly respected for its research achievements and publications.

BC (or BCE) - means Before Common Era, and indicates the years counted back from the first year of the Western Calendar. For example, in 30 BC Rome conquered Egypt and Cleopatra took her own life.
Related Objects:

Related Objects


© Australian Museum

E007448 - 14/1/1898, ear ornament, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007471 - 5/2/1898, pigment container, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007472 - 5/2/1898, lid, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007473 - 5/2/1898, seal, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007474 - 5/2/1898, vase, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007475 - 5/2/1898, beadwork, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007476-001 - 5/2/1898, anthropomorphic figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007476-002 - 5/2/1898, anthropomorphic figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007477 - 5/2/1898, anthropomorphic figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North
E007478 - 5/2/1898, beadwork, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007479-001 - 5/2/1898, animal figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007479-002 - 5/2/1898, animal figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007479-003 - 5/2/1898, abstract figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007667 - 11/7/1898, pestle, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E007668 - 11/7/1898, pestle, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015726 - 31/10/1905, vase, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015727 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015728 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015729 - 31/10/1905, pen, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015730-001 - 31/10/1905, pin, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015730-002 - 31/10/1905, pin, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015730-003 - 31/10/1905, pin, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015730-004 - 31/10/1905, pin, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E015731 - 31/10/1905, animal figure, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015732 - 31/10/1905, mask, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015733 - 31/10/1905, bust, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015734 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015735 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015736 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015737 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015738 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015739 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015740 - 31/10/1905, head, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015741 - 31/10/1905, comb, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015742 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015743 - 31/10/1905, anthropomorphic figure, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015744 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North
E015745 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015746 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015747 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015748 - 31/10/1905, percussion instrument, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North
E015749 - 31/10/1905, decorated object, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015750 - 31/10/1905, percussion instrument, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015751 - 31/10/1905, percussion instrument, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015752 - 31/10/1905, percussion instrument, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015753 - 31/10/1905, percussion instrument, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015754-001 - 31/10/1905, back ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015754-002 - 31/10/1905, back ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015754-003 - 31/10/1905, decorated object, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015755 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015756 - 31/10/1905, arm ornament, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015757 - 31/10/1905, arm ornament, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E015758 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015759 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015760 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015761 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015762 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015763 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015764 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015765 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015766 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015767 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015768 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015769 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015770 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015771 - 31/10/1905, ceramic, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015772 - 31/10/1905, gambling piece, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015773 - 31/10/1905, decorated object, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015774 - 31/10/1905, wand, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015775-001 - 31/10/1905, cartouche, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015775-002 - 31/10/1905, wand, Oxyrhynchus, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-001 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wadi Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-002 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wadi Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-003 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wadi Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-004 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wadi Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-005 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wadi Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-006 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-007 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-008 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-009 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-010 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-011 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-012 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-013 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-014 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-015 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-016 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-017 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-018 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-019 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-020 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-021 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-022 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-023 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-024 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-025 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-026 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-027 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-028 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-029 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-030 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-031 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-032 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-033 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-034 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-035 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-036 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-037 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-038 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-039 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-040 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-041 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015776-042 - 31/10/1905, stone artefact, Wady Magaral, , Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North
E015777 - 31/10/1905, bottle, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015778 - 31/10/1905, decorated object, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015779 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015780 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015781-001 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015781-002 - 31/10/1905, beadwork, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015782 - 31/10/1905, rock sample, Wady Maghara, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015785 - 31/10/1905, hand ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015786 - 31/10/1905, figure, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015787 - 31/10/1905, ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015788 - 31/10/1905, ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015789-001 - 31/10/1905, ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015789-002 - 31/10/1905, ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E015789-003 - 31/10/1905, ornament, Serabit el-Khadim, Janub Sina, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E016270 - 22/10/1906, painting, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E016271 - 22/10/1906, hammer, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E016272 - 22/10/1906, container, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E016273 - 22/10/1906, mat, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E016274 - 22/10/1906, rope, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North
E016276 - 13/11/1906, brick, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017205 - 28/10/1907, anthropomorphic figure, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017206 - 28/10/1907, head, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017207 - 28/10/1907, head, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017208 - 28/10/1907, painting, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017209 - 28/10/1907, container, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017210 - 28/10/1907, anthropomorphic figure, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017211 - 28/10/1907, anthropomorphic figure, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017212 - 28/10/1907, anthropomorphic figure, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017213 - 28/10/1907, coffin, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017214 - 28/10/1907, tool, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017215 - 28/10/1907, pot, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017216 - 28/10/1907, pot, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017217 - 30/10/1907, painting, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017218 - 28/10/1907, painting, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017219 - 28/10/1907, painting, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017220 - 28/10/1907, mould, Deir el-Bahri, Upper Egypt, Qena, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017837 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017838 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017839 - 22/11/1909, vase, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017840 - 22/11/1909, vase, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E017841 - 22/11/1909, pot, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017842 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017843 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017844 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017845 - 22/11/1909, vase, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017846 - 22/11/1909, vase, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017847 - 22/11/1909, bowl, El Mahasna, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017848 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017849 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017850 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017851 - 22/11/1909, headrest, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017852 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017853 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017854 - 22/11/1909, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017855 - 22/11/1909, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017856 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017857 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017858 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E017859 - 22/11/1909, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018934 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018935 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018936 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018937 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018938 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018939 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018940 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018941 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018942 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018943 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E018944 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018945 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018946 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018947 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018948 - 25/10/1910, bowl, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018949 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018950 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E018951 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018952 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018953 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018954 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018955 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018956 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018957 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018958 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018959 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018960 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018961 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018962 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018963 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018964 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018965 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018966 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018967 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E018968 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018969 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018970 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018971 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018972 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018973 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018974 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018975 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018976 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018977 - 25/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018978 - 25/10/1910, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E018979 - 25/10/1910, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018980 - 25/10/1910, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018981 - 25/10/1910, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018982 - 25/10/1910, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018983 - 25/10/1910, animal figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018984 - 27/10/1910, vase, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018985 - 27/10/1910, basket, Sedment, Upper Egypt, El Faiyum, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018986 - 27/10/1910, comb, Ehnasya, Upper Egypt, Beni Suef, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018987 - 27/10/1910, buckle, Ehnasya, Upper Egypt, Beni Suef, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018988 - 27/10/1910, spindle, Ehnasya, Upper Egypt, Beni Suef, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018989 - 27/10/1910, head, Ehnasya, Upper Egypt, Beni Suef, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018990 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E018991 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018992 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018993 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018994 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018995 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018996 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018997 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018998 - 27/10/1910, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E018999 - 27/10/1910, bone object, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019000 - 27/10/1910, mask, Sedment, Upper Egypt, El Faiyum, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019001 - 27/10/1910, mask, Sedment, Upper Egypt, El Faiyum, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019005 - 2/11/1910, palette, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019006 - 2/11/1910, box, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019269-001 - 5/7/1911, animal figure, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019269-002 - 5/7/1911, animal figure, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North
E019269-003 - 5/7/1911, animal figure, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North
E019269-004 - 5/7/1911, animal figure, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019270 - 5/7/1911, stone artefact, Defenneh, Lower Egypt, Isma 'Iliya, Egypt, Africa, North
E019271 - 5/7/1911, cloth, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E019272 - 0/7/1911, cloth, , , , Egypt, Africa, North
E021583-001 - 25/10/1912, cloth, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E021583-002 - 25/10/1912, cloth, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E021583-003 - 25/10/1912, cloth, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E021583-004 - 25/10/1912, cloth, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021583-005 - 25/10/1912, mask, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021583-006 - 25/10/1912, cloth, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021584 - 25/10/1912, palette, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021585 - 25/10/1912, pebble tool, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021586 - 25/10/1912, pebble tool, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021587 - 25/10/1912, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021588 - 25/10/1912, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021589 - 25/10/1912, door, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E021590 - 25/10/1912, box, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022333 - 17/10/1913, pot, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E022334 - 17/10/1913, pot, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022335 - 17/10/1913, pigment container, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022336 - 17/10/1913, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022337 - 17/10/1913, anthropomorphic figure, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022338 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022339 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E022340-001 - 17/10/1913, decorated object, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North
E022340-002 - 17/10/1913, decorated object, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022340-003 - 17/10/1913, decorated object, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022340-004 - 17/10/1913, decorated object, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022341 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022342 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022343-001 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022343-002 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, Abydos, Upper Egypt, Sohag, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022345-001 - 17/10/1913, stone artefact, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022345-002 - 17/10/1913, stone artefact, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022345-003 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022345-004 - 17/10/1913, beadwork, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022346 - 17/10/1913, figure, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022347 - 17/10/1913, neck ornament, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022348 - 17/10/1913, hand ornament, , , , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022899 - 4/11/1914, light, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E022900 - 4/11/1914, light, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022901 - 4/11/1914, light, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022902 - 4/11/1914, key, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022903 - 4/11/1914, tweezers, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022904-001 - 4/11/1914, pin, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E022904-002 - 4/11/1914, pin, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022905 - 4/11/1914, scissors, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022907 - 4/11/1914, comb, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022908-001 - 4/11/1914, wood sample, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022908-002 - 4/11/1914, wood sample, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022909 - 4/11/1914, footwear, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022910 - 4/11/1914, footwear, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022911 - 4/11/1914, footwear, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022912 - 4/11/1914, shell, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E022913 - 4/11/1914, harness apparatus, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-001 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-002 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-003 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-004 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-005 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-006 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-007 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-008 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-009 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-010 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-011 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-012 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-013 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-014 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-015 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-016 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-017 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-018 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-019 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-020 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-021 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-022 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-023 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022914-024 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E022914-025 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North
E022914-026 - 4/11/1914, textile, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E022915 - 4/11/1914, footwear, Antinoe, Upper Egypt, El Minya, Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078539 - 7/1/1985, stopper, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078541 - 7/1/1985, metal, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078542 - 7/1/1985, wood sample, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078543 - 7/1/1985, wood sample, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078544 - 7/1/1985, pen, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078548 - 7/1/1985, pot, , Upper Egypt, , Egypt, Africa, North

© Australian Museum

E078549 - 7/1/1985, stick tool, Tell Nebesheh, Lower Egypt, Sharqiya, Egypt, Africa, North